Friday, September 10, 2021

Finally got a break in the weather

 And got my window finished.  Well almost...

Been racing against Larry  but today is when he is passing south of us and we will get rained out for a while.

Tuesday and Wednesday were the only two sunny day of the week. So Wed morning I finished installing the new sill plate and rebuilding the lower parts of the sash.  Everything is now weather tite with epoxy.  Remain to sand and prime the sash.  Thursday, not enough time to burn off the dew before the rain start.  Will have to wait after Larry, she is getting quickly overcast...

Turned out, Thursday was a bust, all the rain went mostly around us, but we stayed dry, just a bit of intermittent sprinkle, about 1mm of rain.

In hindsight, I whish I had primed my window Thursday, because it looks like its gonna be a few more days before the sun returns

 At least my epoxy is dry and I proceeded with scraping and sanding.

Calling my window sash done for now, she is epoxy weather tight.

How it went, mostly pictorial:

Previously, I had manufactured, 2 new sill plates and the other missing bit.

Made and installed missing piece of groove on the right

Once cured and a slight trim making sure everything lines up. 
Sill was installed and first bottom layer on right
Epoxy glued and attached with 5 deck screws (trim head)
Original was held by caulk and nails
Making sure not to attach sill to house, just the sash.

Then it was time to address the large cavities I found around the frame.
Cavities around the window sash and house opening 
foamed with low expansion foam 

Once cured and trimmed off, 
Starting to rebuild lower sashes portions.
It is a lot easier to build it back up with rectangular pieces 
than to try carve the whole profile and making it match.
First bottom layer installed on the left, second on right. 
Everything I add is epoxied in place and pinned 
with 18 ga air nailer, while epoxy cured

For the top and final layer, had to cut the bottom with a matching angle of the sill plate.
Turns out that was an unnecessary exercise with my bevel angle gauge. 
 A few swipes of the block plane was easier to eyeballed it

Finally had to give in and sharpen the chisel I had been abusing errr. using for a few days.

Many chips in the edge.
The price one pay when digging out rot in search of solid wood...
Nails and others assorted fasteners bits

Much faster than by hands, which means,
 I have no longer any excuse for putting it off so long :-)

Did not got them all out completely, small scratches left, 
but sure work better :-)
Working on my Maritimer's Low Tide Bench MLTB 
Try saying that with a mouthful of coffee :-)
Yes, it is the lower steps to my front entrance.

Three layers of wood epoxied on that corner.
Yes, my top piece rotated out a bit.  Did not catch that earlier.
If it interfere with the aluminum cladding, I'll just trimmed it squarer

Only two layers on this side.
On both sides there is about $20 of epoxy used.
All rot removed, solid wood reinforced with epoxy

The longest was the waiting in between layers to dry, at least 5 hours, before I could start trimming for next layer on top.  
In the end, I chickened out and did not dared priming the frame Thurs, expecting rains from Hurricane Larry, but, nope, no rain yet really....

But I did scraped and sanded the frame ready for its priming coat.
Final touch will be caulking around frame, then ready for its cladding

No reasons to go nutso, the whole window frame will be cladded in Aluminum.
I just wanted to remove the dead and rotten wood before they cladded it.

Meanwhile we emptied the pool yesterday and readied the yard for high winds

Next year, I will pay more attention to where the empty valve is located.
Will be rotated  close to 180 degrees next year.
Dug a small trench to helped it along. 
It does not look too good for me to prime my window and start on the last one.

The colorful half circle in BRH corner is Hurricane Larry coming up

What I often used to juggle my work priorities ahead.
Including finding spots to escape on a few mini stay-cations :-) 

But the good news is...

That one does not need a whole new sill.
Just repairs to the corners.  The weakest link...
But I do have a spare sill plate I made earlier if I need it.
The one I just finished fixing had to many rot spots, made a new one.
Guessing both frames are identical?
They are still original to the house, 1976.
Windows itself was replaced earlier by previous owner with 
an older style window insert, about 20 years ago.

Friday morning Sept 10 2021 0840

Bob, Sending prayers to my friends in Newfoundland, and my fellow Rotarians in St Pierre et Miquelon
they are predicted to be hit hard by Hurricane Larry.  Stay safe :-(

Monday, September 6, 2021

The start of greenhouse No 2

My work on the window has been stalled for a while.  It rain and rain and another TS remnants pass by and it rain and... Rinse and repeat.

That is why I had the time to document that little skew rabbet plane.

 In the mean time, I also started erecting, temporarily, her second greenhouse frame.

In this box, future greenhouse.

Said green house will be erected besides the existing one, but later.

It would reside on the left of the existing one.
Where there is currently a small flower bed.
Older pic, that garden plot has grown a bit since :-)

Why, because it would requires moving a small garden, cutting down a cluster of small trees and levelling a spot.  Not happening this year.  But we need the temporary shelter now.

The plan for this year is to used it for storage in order to empty the current shed and demolished it. 

That shed has long expired its Best Before Due date, not spending anymore money into this eye sore  sink hole.

In this early May pic you can see the shed in the back 
It started life as a small baby barn, then someone, years ago, expanded it on the side to make a bigger shed.
Dumb idea unless you are prepared to totally reframe one side to attach or you end up with lots of wasted space for the size increase.
Where the ladder sit is basically the intended spot for greenhouse No 2

Demolish and replace.  But where to put the stuff in between sheds? 

Canadian Tire had a sale on those 10X20 temporary shelter, bought one with the intend of using the steel frame as a greenhouse.  Will see how the current one survived winter and learned from it.

Meanwhile, Jean left for a meeting and I was left alone with the dogs, so...

Don't know what I would do without my tractor and trailer.
Save my back numerous times.
 Being tilting, I often used that feature to load and unload heavy items by myself.

The box says 3 persons to put it up in about 3 hours.
That is how far I got by myself in 3 hours.

Why this location so close to the vegetable garden and the pine tree?
Because it is the only suitable location to erect it on a flattish spot

I was a good boy and read the instructions first.  That was easy, mostly pictures and no words.  Universal language what? :-)
I spread out everything first to inventory and piled up my parts by part Numbers.
Would had been faster if the two slightly different length screws were separated.  
54 plus 30 of the other make a big pile to sort.
Did not wanted to play with all those screws over the grass, so used my driveway to assemble my frames by the garage then dragged then out to the nearest tree where they went.

I used the tree on the left to hold up my end piece to fasten the other to it.
That worked great, so I put on another and then realized hum.  How am I going to drag it between the tree and the vine wall, it's a tight fit??  And sure enough, I had to turned the partial assembly to fit in between.  Good thing I stop my assembly when I did, 3 frame just fit. :-)

Before It even went in, I had to trim some branches on the big pine tree beside it.
I had previously staked the 10X20 area it would be using, so I knew which branches to cut first. 

See, I was a good boy.
This is where I was stopped when Jean came back.
It was just me and the dogs up to now.
Does that count as the three peoples required? :-)

Together we finished squaring the frame and secured it down.
Then we installed both end panels.

By then it was supper time, we stopped and left the main tarp for tomorrow.

Oh look, it rained, surprise!

Yes it is close to the vegetable garden and the pine tree.
Only practical suitable flat spot available.

We will then finished it and start moving out the stuff from the existing shed.

On its last leg, roof on addition is leaking.
Notice one end is on stills the other on the ground.
The Rubbermaid vertical storage shed is full with plant pots.
And many more elsewhere :-)

Once shed is demolished, will see how much of its existing platform we can recycle if any.

It is sitting on an elevated platform on the Baby barn side, instead of making a flat spot first.

Make for a steep ramp to bring stuff in and out.  Another minus point point in its column .

If nothing else, we will have a better idea of the future shed footprint.  

Do we cut down more small trees to shift it to the right and make it flat on the ground, or a different location altogether?

Whatever we do, there is a  power line feed to the shed (Front left hand corner).  Currently feeding the greenhouse and pool filter.  Yes, GFCI protected.  I do not want to remove that electrical service so will need something over it.

To build or to buy?? Will see.

Storage priorities outside right now are:  Her gardening tools, the tractor and its various implements, a pot shed.  Yes she has quite a few plant pots of various sizes.  When I asked her if she needs all of these, she asked me if I needed all the tools I have.  Hum, I guess, YES, she needs them all :-)

In the end there shall be: 2 greenhouses, A SHE shed (doubling as a potting room), a garden tools shed and tool stations, storage with a wide door for the tractor and its implements.

And then there shall be light on the garage floor :-)

Meanwhile, my small pile of tools and supply to finished my window is standing by, waiting for a sunny day....


Bob, sharpening his pencil for the various sheds ideas.

Thursday, September 2, 2021

Geo Burnham Jr skew 1 inch rabbet plane

 Part of my recent distractions.

While I cleaned the iron and the body, a few marks started to shows up.

The iron is stamped W Butch..  which is the abbreviated stamps of Williams Butcher of Sheffield England.

The classic stamp of Williams Butcher from Sheffield England on small blades
W Butcher
O >---> *
A circle with the letter B inside follow by a small arrow then a Maltese cross

Typical W Butcher stamp on large plane blade
pic source

Butcher made excellent laminated blades. Many plane makers used his irons and planes are often mislabeled W Butcher because it is the obvious stamp on it, sometimes the only one visible.

In the 1830s his business exporting edge tools to the US was booming, he had a US agent established in New York.

His irons have been used by English, Canadian and American planemakers.  In order to establish its provenance we need more clues from the plane itself.  Length (long standardized at 9-1/2 inch long), Width 1 inch, Style of constructions, material used Beech, style of the wedge finial, maker stamps on the nose (Incluse or Sig-Zag borders) versus owners marks, Model Number and size stamped in the back etc.

Hard to see but I detected a faint imprints on the nose.

After a light scraping it shows up better

Could only made out a few letters, but could read Amherst Mass.

So off to my book American Wooden planes.

 to look it up and turns out it is a  




Pic obviously from above book.
You can clearly see the Geo Burnham Jr mark.
Same as we have.

There also another arching mark above and something else in the lower banner.

My hand doodle of what I saw
Not sure about the letters I shown around  banner

This is what the markings looks like under the microscope
You are seeing RST (Amherst) and under AS (Mass).
Ill try a light scraping and punch the contrast on the pics

Not to be confused with a owners mark, this one really look like an overstruck mark.

Probably a hardware store sellers marks or overstruck with a new name after a merge of business, as was common practice until old stock was used up.

The ones I've seen in my research are Union Factory (Chapin) over a D Copeland stamped plane, and Arrowmammett Works over others.

What else can the body reveal?

9-1/2 inch long, the new standard for wooden moulding planes, so 19th century, 1 inch wide.

We already know that Geo Burnham Jr made planes from 1841-1860 (1844-1853 for that particular stamp) 

So lets assume 1850 until we find something else

The cuts are clean and well executed, commercially made.

The body is beech but seems to have a brown coat of paint (residues in non wear areas) over its original brown stain.  Will probably end up removing some on the nose to better see the trade names stampings

The wedge throw be off a bit.

According to what I have seen so far, in books and on line, my wedge shape is wrong. But it sure fit perfectly and has the right coloring marks to appears genuine or has been there a long time.

So how could that happened?  Numerous plane makers made parts or complete planes on contract for other plane makers.  Some both under their own imprints and under various other stamps, others simply, their own personal production and stamps.

Back in those days, they were also more frugal than we are today.  Waste not, want not. As the various business merged or sold out, their own inventories were not wasted, they simply overstruck the new trade stamps on it. Add a hardware store ( resellers) stamp and various owners stamps, some quite ornate and we have a lot of stamps confusing the issue of who made it???

Each plane makers had its own preferred wedge finial shape.  In a world of countless look like planes, the wedge finial was their signature so to speak.  Each would have its own wedge template, ensuring they all look alike.  Since they also did contract works for other plane makers  (parts or complete plane), the same shop would be making different wedge shape for different shops, could this one slip by in error? 

Each wedge is final fitted to each plane, they would not had waste time and the wrong wedge by making a replacement.  It fit, it work, it goes out for sale.

Will the real Georges Burnham please stand up :-)

Will need to dive in deeper into his history to make more sense of this slip up.


This is the wedge finial shape as recorded in  
American Wooden Planes 4th edition

Image from tool sellers
Look at the wedge shape
Mine is clearly different.
Light areas are scraped to remove some minor damages, will be re-stained lightly

The finial has a more elongated shape and the ramp up is more gradual, not as abrupt

By then I had figured out the faint markings on the plane nose


What follow is the rabbit hole I fell into.  When the grand kids asked me what are you doing Grampa? Thinking of my friends Ralph and Dianne I said: I am looking up dead people :-)

Quickly going down the rabbit hole

A quick foreword to my abbreviated timeline history.

In the days prior to industrialization, each planes were made by hand by a specialized worker, a Journeyman apprenticed by a planemaker, either father or other.
The apprenticeship programs in the 1700s and early 1800s were loosely organized, their being no guild nor was it possible to enforced much.
Typical apprenticeship  would be for boys age 14 to 17 and lasted until they turned 21.
How long the apprenticeship varies with the trade complexity, but lets assume an apprenticeship of 4 to 5 years until 21 or so. for a typical plane maker in the 1800s
Source of some above info from Economic History Association

At the completion of their apprenticeship, they became "apprenticed or Journeyman" they would then often move from shops to shops and once they had enough money saved would established their own business.  That explain why they were numerous short lived associations between plane makers, some also engaged in more than one association at the time. 

Some planemaker shops also contracted outside work to supply them with parts such as plane body, wedge, handle or tote and in almost all case; plane irons. 
Such parts were made by individual or other plane maker shops (larger contract) and also saw the use of convicts in jail.  A practice that was decreed by other plane makers as being uncompetitive, the prisoners labour was cheap.  

Notice the difference in the wedges?
And down we go, follow the bouncing ball ;-)

Events recorded by year, added when these planemakers reached the age of 21 and the Number beside their age at 21 is refer to in the following year entries.

17XX Luther Fox is born------------------------------------------Age 21 in 181X     1

1792 James Kellog is born. Amherst MA -----------------------Age 21 in 1813      2

1794 Daniel Copeland is born. Sturbridge MA (D1854) ------Age 21 in 1815      3

1799 Hermon Chapin is born (D1866) -------------------------- Age 21 in 1820       4

1807 Truman Nutting is born (D1891) -------------------------- Age 21 in 1828       5

1807 Austin Baldwin is born (D1886) --------------------------- Age 21 in 1828       6

1808 Aaron Ferry is born ------------------------------------------ Age 21 in 1829       7

1814 Benoni Thayer is born -------------------------------------- Age 21 in 1835        8

1817 Georges (Geo) Burnham Jr is born (D1893) ----------- Age 21 in 1838          9

1818 Hiram Fox is born Son of Luther Fox -------------------- Age 21 in 1839        10

1822 (3) D&M Copeland Hartford CT until 1825.  Daniel, Melvin, were brothers also with Alfred

1822 (4) Hermon Chapin apprenticed May 22nd at D&M Copeland (Daniel & Melvin)

1826 Copeland (Daniel) & Chapin (Hermon)

1826 Melvin and Alfred Copeland.  M&A Copeland until 1830

1828 H Chapin buy out Copeland (Daniel) and establish Union factory in CT.

        It will becomes the most important plane manufacturer in  New England.  Will operate under                  various names until 1929

1829 (5) Truman Nutting start making plane.  Will last until 1852

1829 (7) Aaron Ferry turned 21 and is known to have work for T Nutting

1830 Melvin & Alfred, M&A Copeland cease becomes Daniel and Melvin Copeland.  D&M Copeland

1830 (6) Austin & Elbridge Baldwin.  A&E Baldwin New York, until 1841

1831 Luther Fox made planes in Amherst MA until 1843

1834 Nutting & Fox June 19 1834 to Sep 14 1836 (Luther and Truman)

1834 (10) Hiram Fox works for Truman Nutting and Luther Fox,  Nutting & Fox. Must be apprentice

1834 (8) Benoni Thayer made planes for Truman Nutting shop (as apprentice?) and Nutting & Fox

1835 (2) J. Kellog started making planes at Eli Dickinson's faucet shop. in Nuttingville, part of Amherst MA .  During the same period, 1835-67 he also operated a mercantile store.  Would had finished his apprenticeship at 21 in 1813, a late comer to the field or simply lack of documented info?

1835 Williams Lyman (WL) Wasburn makes planes in Amherst MA until 1840

1835 Fox & Washburn 1835-36.  Luther and Williams. Reportedly bought plane and parts from (Truman) Nutting & (Luther)Fox

1835 Fox, Nutting & Washburn a partnership of planemakers

1836  Aaron Ferry began work for Kennedy & Co

1836 Austin Baldwin establish the Arrowmammett Works in Middletown CT. 

            Arrowmammett was the trade name used by The Baldwin Tool Co for planes produced there.

           They also produced planes irons under Baldwin Tool Co (BTC)

1836 Nutting & Fox cease operation

1837 Benoni Thayer is listed as a grocer.  Was employed at Nutting & Fox prior

183X In the 30s Luther Fox made planes with his son Hiram,  L. Fox & Son

1837 Aaron Ferry marred Judith Nutting.  Daughter of Truman Nutting 1/2 brother Georges

1838 (9) Geo Burnham Jr apprenticed at H Chapin in CT.  

              Born 1817+14 = 1829+3 1831.  1817+21= 1838.  

              So probably apprenticed between 1829 and 1838

1839 Kellog, Fox & Washburn

1839 J Kellog move from South Amherst to a part of Amherst known as Kellogville, were he erected two factories, one wood, one brick.

1840 Kellog & Fox cease.  J. Kellog will continue to operate under his own name, J. Kellog

1841 Geo Burnham arrived in Amherst MA.  Work as Journeyman for Luther Fox

1841 A&E Baldwin cease,  Elbridge will operate a tool store until 1852

1842 Aaron Ferry moved to Kent OH

 1842 Luther Fox sell to 4 partners

- Geo Burnham Jr

- Hiram Fox (his son)

- Benoni Thayer.  Made planes for T. Nutting and Nutting & Fox 1834-36.  Start making planes again         1842-1844

- Aaron Ferry, who left for Kent OH same year.  Silent partner or sold out before leaving?

1843 Geo Burnham buy out his partners.  Now trade as Geo Burnham Jr

1849 J. Kellog listed as plane manufacturer in Amherst MA

1849 Globe Manufacturing Co established will operate until 1885.  Incorporated 1849, decertified 1905

1850 Benoni Thayer is listed as a Journeyman

1850 Arrowmammett Works produced 40,000 planes that year

1850 Geo Burnham listed as plane maker and axe handle manufacturer

1852 T Nutting leave Amherst MA for Olean NY  where he did carpentry

1853 Geo Burnham Jr stop making planes under his stamp

1854 T Nutting move to MN where he operated a hotel, farm and manufactured brooms.

1854 Middletown Tool Co until 1878

1857 Arrowmammett Catalog of 1857 illustrate the large quantity of different tools produced.

1857  (some says 1858 or 1860) Austin Baldwin sold the Baldwin Tool Co of Middletown CT (Arrowmammett Works ) to the Globe Mfg Co of Rhodestown CT (probably Middletown CT), who made only hardware and plane irons.  Have yet to find Rhodestown on the map??

To add to the confusion; Other sources says the Globe Mfg Co was also started by Austin  Baldwin in 1856.  Doubt that.

1860 Baldwin Tool Co cease operation

1860 Geo Burnham Jr listed as plane maker and axe handle manufacturer

1865 J Kellog made planes with his son under J. Kellog & Son (Williams) until 1867, at which time James, now 73 retired.

1869 Williams Kellog listed as plane maker

1878 Middletown Tool Co cease operation.  Declared insolvent in 1879, decertified 1905

1885 Globe Mfg Co cease operation. Decertified 1905

1886 After a flood carried away the mill dam and damaged the factory, W Kellog will cease operations

1929 The last incarnation of Chapin's Union factory cease operations.

The way the multiples planemakers listed interacted among the various shops may help explained the "wrong" shape of the wedge.  Have yet to figured out how a plane made by Geo Burnside Jr between 1843 and 1853 ended up overstamped by Arrowmammett works later, but it is not without precedent.

Most likely explanation was that he sold some of his production to Arrowmammett Works, which by the 1850s was becoming a big enterprise 

And lastly, the wedge finial shape resemble a lot more like a Arrowmammett finial.  Coincidences?? 

I think not.  There must be a connection there I have yet to find documented.

The wedge is in fact original to this plane.

Meanwhile the iron has been cleaned, the body washed and some small booboos fixed.

The blade after three dunking in Evaporust, wire brush and some sanding 120 grits in between to expose fresh rust.  When the flash does not reveal anymore brown spots I call it done and finish with a wiped coat of Autosol.  Surfaces as is now.  Will sand more when it get sharpened.

Bevel edge.  Surface pressing against frog

Back side.  Surface wedge press against.
No severe pitting near edge

Some before pics

Evaporust always reveal the lamination line.
Cutting edge on fine tools were a laminated piece of tool steel (Cast steel) 
forged welded to a softer wrought iron body

You can see how fast it tapers down on the side.
Lots of good cutting steel left on that blade. 

Look amazingly sharp as is, lets try it :-)

yeah you can butcher wood with it :-)
My pitiful attempt at making the shoulder no fence by hands, failed miserably 
and descended into a fecal matter.
But when pressed down it does peels off shavings

There is some small wood chips hanging on the blade edge.
Plane lock solid and release easy.
Will make a good worker. 

Meanwhile, I was asked to cleaned my mess into the living room area, books, tools etc...

There you go Dear, all cleaned up :-)
Apparently not, hummm

Some of the refences used in the making of this rabbet hole.  Mostly a paper exercise.

Yes Rudy, my helper, was here.  
When he was a pup I would had never left the wedge on the floor,
 would had been chewed :-)

Bob, with a pile of books to put away